Skin Allergy Testing
Skin allergy test is is used by doctor to find out the exact substance that triggers your skin allergy. Red, bumpy, and itchy skin is not only highly irritating but equally painful and embarrassing as well. Irritated skin can be as a result of many potential factors. These may include immune system disorders, infections, and certain medications. When these allergens are believed to have triggered an immune system response, this is known as an allergic skin condition.
An allergic reaction happens when your immune system reacts to otherwise normal substances or particles that are generally harmless. Usually these substances don’t cause any significant issues, however, in people with an allergy, their body’s defense mechanism considers these substances (allergens) as potential threats hence mount a response to ward them off.
Eczema is a common skin condition that results in certain parts of your skin becoming inflamed and irritated. The most common type of eczema is skin allergy, or simply atopic eczema. This condition occurs when your skin produces an allergic response toward particular substances you come in contact with, including food or dust.
On most occasions, skin allergy tends to happen during childhood, but this can appear during your adulthood. As your skin comes in contact with many substances daily, identifying the trigger allergen can be difficult.
Common allergens include the following:
- Food such as eggs, milk, tree nuts
- House dust mites
What Exactly is a Skin Allergy?
Skin allergy refers to an adverse reaction that happens when your skin comes in to contact with a particular substance. It triggers your immune system and considers the foreign substance to be a threat and reacts by producing antibodies against the substance.
So, the next time you come in contact with the same substance, your immune system will produce a great amount of IgE antibodies. Even a small amount of these particles will trigger a skin allergic response.
What Are Some Common Skin Allergy Symptoms?
In terms of skin allergy, the most common symptoms include:
- Swelling of gravity-dependent body areas such as your lips, eyes, mouth
- Itching of the skin
- Dry skin
Allergic response can involve various body organs. In your respiratory tract, you will most likely experience sneezing, wheezing, runny nose, loss of breath. There is a strong link between allergy and asthma and allergic rhinitis. In your gastrointestinal system, an allergic response can potentially trigger vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, cramps, and nausea.
In cases of severe allergy reaction, such symptoms include:
- Severe skin dryness that may lead to bleeding
- Severe itching
- Skin blistering
- Severe redness
In some instances, extremely severe allergic reactions can be life-threatening. This condition is best described as anaphylaxis. It mostly happens within minutes or hours after your exposure to an allergen and usually manifests through puffy eyes, rashes, loss of breath, wheezing, throat swelling, mouth and lip swelling, or a dramatic drop in blood pressure.
If you have a history of anaphylaxis, you are highly encouraged to always carry an emergency adrenalin pen, or Epipen with you. Although anaphylaxis is a completely reversible condition, it can easily cause death, especially if treatment is delayed.
How Do I Know What Triggered My Skin Allergy?
Many people are usually unable to identify the particles or substances that trigger their skin allergy. Thankfully, the advent of technology now allows us to easily know our trigger allergens. There are many simple tests we can do to know the exact substance that triggers your skin allergy.
Allergy to specific allergens can be identified through simple skin prick tests or blood tests. Our doctors will be happy to discuss with you the pros and cons of every allergy test that we offer. What’s more, they will help you to choose the most appropriate test tailored to your condition and preferences.
What Options Do I Have When It Comes to Skin Allergy Treatment?
- You will need to avoid the culprit allergens.
- Equip yourself with sufficient moisturizer.
- Consult our doctor for medications such as antihistamine or steroids to help ease severity of irritation, swelling, inflammation and hypersensitivity.
- Seek immunotherapy treatment – This treatment functions by de-sensitizing and controls your immune system from reacting to culprit allergens. It is performed through gradual and repeated exposure of a specific allergen to your body. This can be administered through sublingual sprays, where the medication is sprayed underneath your tongue.
What Should I Do When I Have a Skin Allergy?
To better manage your skin allergy condition, you can record in a diary when and where a reaction occurs. You can also minimize your risk of an allergic reaction by avoiding the allergen as much as possible. Most importantly, you will need to talk to your doctor to help you understand all the available treatment options.
If you would want to know more about your skin allergy, don’t hesitate to give us a call or visit our clinic here to schedule an appointment with our allergy professionals.
Allergens To Test For
- Guinea Pig
- Honey Bee Venom
- When vacuuming, use a micro-filtered bagged vacuum as this helps to prevent allergens from leaking back into the air.